The Relationship Between Mindful Eating and Nutritional Status in Pregnancy

The Relationship Between Mindful Eating and Nutritional Status in Pregnancy

 Yıl 2022, Cilt: 4 Sayı: 3, 171 - 175, 28.02.2023


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Mindful eating focuses on the individual's awareness of what, where, how to eat, the relationship with external factors, and no judgment on food. The aim of this study was determination of mindful eating during pregnancy. A questionnaire was applied to 145 individuals aged 20-45 years by face-to-face interview technique. In this questionnaire, there are questions regarding to demographic information and Mindful Eating Questionnaire. Nutrition status was determined by 24-hour reminder method. The mean age of the participants was 28.7±5.01 years and 47.5% of the participants were in their first pregnancy. The mean of Mindful Eating Questionnaire score was 86.7±11.16. The mean Mindful Eating Questionnaire score of the pregnant women in the first trimester was 86.9±11.05. There were positive and statistically significant correlations between energy, carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamin E, thiamine, riboflavin, folate, potassium, calcium and zinc intake and Mindful Eating Questionnaire (p<0.05). When the subscales were examined, only a statistically significant difference was found between the groups in terms of eating control subscale score. A negative and statistically significant relationship was found between the emotional eating, food control and focusing of the subscale of Mindful Eating Questionnaire and pre-pregnancy body mass index. It was determined that the highest eating control sub-score of the Mindful Eating Questionnaire was belong to the second trimester. There were significant relationship between pre-pregnancy body mass index and mindful eating sub-groups that emotional eating, eating control and focusing.


Anahtar Kelimeler: Pregnancy, mindful eating, nutrition